JUNE

Week 1

1)knead

mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough

Mnemonics

knead = k-nead(need)…what do you need? ..food? Then you will have to mix the dough
2)abbreviate

shorten

Mnemonics
abbreviate consists of brevity(means brief)..so the meaning would be ‘to make brief’

3)kneel

go down on one’s knee(s

Mnemonics

Kneel (go down on your knees) karte karte mere ghutnon (knees) mein NEEL pad gaye.
4)dainty

delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
Mnemonics

~deity:God……God is not easy to please ….. and their idol are delicately beautiful

5)labyrinth

maze

Mnemonics

abyrinth > lady + rin > A lady so desperate 2 find rin in a supermarket, she finds d huge supermarket like a ‘maze’!

6)cacophonous

discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
Mnemonics
) caco sounds like cactus and phonous like phone. So kindly try to remember it like this…a phone with a cactus makes irritating sounds.

7)earmark

set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
Mnemonics

earmark..let break it as ear + mark -’ear’ is on the side of the face. Something is placed or kept aside and we -’mark’ it means something particular or extraordinary.So ..’something is kept aside for a particular purpose’

8)lace

cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
9)cadaver

corpse; dead human body

(noun) the dead body of a human being
Mnemonics

in harry potter, the strongest spell,, abra ka daver,,,(cadever),,, kills the person, leaving the body dead

11)maelstrom

violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream

Mnemonics

mal(= bad) strom (storm) bad storm like a whirpool

12)magisterial

authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner.

Mnemonics

ma+is++real authority in Family

MAY

Week 4

1)magnanimity

generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous

Mnemonics

magNANIMAous, NANI MA in hindi, is always “generous” to us
2)natal

connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
Mnemonics

natal sounds like fatal..as fatal is connected with death..natal….is just the opposite of fatal , hence connected with birth.

3)natation

swimming

Mnemonics

This is really stupid… nata in hindi means short in height…we know swimming increases height..hence natation is the solution to the height problem.

4)nausea

feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
Mnemonics
nause(sounds like NOSE)+a. As we all smell through our NOSE and if we smell something foul, something odurous..we get a feeling of nausea or wanting to VOMIT.

5)oath

solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. “For Christ’s sake”
Mnemonics
Oath – Truth somewhat rhyming…

6)abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)

Mnemonics

ab+dicate dicate sounds like dictator. Dictator is an authoritarian ruler who has lot of power. To remember better,ab normal is opposite to normal.So,abdicate is opposite to dictator (ie)losing power.

7)damp; unpleasantly wet

(adj.) unpleasantly cool and humid
Mnemonics
dank…Damp ANd Kool…simple:)

8)backslide

revert (to bad habits); N. reverter

Mnemonics

back(means…to turn to your original place or habit) + slide(means to come down)…………and anyone who comes back to his bad habits again after having given up is said to be in a backslideing situation.

9)dart

move or throw suddenly and quickly

(noun) a sudden quick movement

10)quaff

drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); CF. sip
Mnemonics

sounds like cough. When we have a cough, we DRINK cough syrup which is quite tasty actually.

11)raconteur

story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill

(noun) a person skilled in telling anecdotes

Mnemonics
one who recounts

12)sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
Mnemonics

Hindi ‘sacro’ or more likely ‘sainkdo’ means ‘hundreds’ and ‘sant’ means ‘a hermit (a sacred person)’.In the Hindu Mythology we have descriptions of hundreds of the MOST SACRED hermits.

Week 3

1)knack

special talent; art

Mnemonics
knack – knock out… u should have a special talent to knock out ur contender

2)abate

To reduce in amount;Put an end to; subside or moderate

Mnemonics
abate your weight

3)ebullient

showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling

Mnemonics

Your dad purchasing you a new ‘Enfield Bullet’ so you shpw ur ‘Excitement’ -> ebullient! :D

4)dabble:

work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
Mnemonics

dabble…sounds like table…and if you see someone putting up their legs on the TABLE in the office, YOU GET the feeling that the person is not serious about his image at work.

5)cache

hiding place; V.

Mnemonics
sounds like cash.. So, hide your cash somewhere..

6)daze

stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.

Mnemonics
daze ==> gaze => look at with fixed eyes — stunned

7)cache

hiding place; V.

Mnemonics
sounds like cash.. So, hide your cash somewhere..

8)badinage

teasing conversation; banter; joking talk

Mnemonics

“tease ur friend in a friendly and humorous way” that he looks “bad + in + age”(older) due to his bald head

9)dazzle

make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
Mnemonics
remember honda dazzler..it may help

10)ebb

(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide

Mnemonics

Relate it to egg ;; now-a-days because of bird flu the quantity of eggs coming to the market is reduced.

11)knave

untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery

Mnemonics

k+nave..naive(means trustworthy, innocent)….knave is just the opposite of naive.

12)laborious

demanding much work or care; tedious

Mnemonics

aborious (labour -hard working) labour percentage is more in industry so—–hard working and industrious

Week 2

1)vagary

capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander

Mnemonics

vagary..break it as vage+ary ,the vage is vague and ary=action meaning something that is vague and not predictable .

2)abash

embarrass

Mnemonics
A BASH makes them uncomfortable

3)babble

chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.

Mnemonics
babble = bab – ble bla bla bla ( ble) which means to chatter foolishly

4)dapper

neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry

Mnemonics
dapper(diaper)- if you can remember the diapers used for babies, should be kept neat and trim(spry).
5)earn

gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve

6)vacuous

empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
Mnemonics
vacuous can be seen as vacuum which means, a region empty of matter.

7)ulterior

intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
Mnemonics

ulterior = ultra + interior which is very much inside means hidden

8)tact

skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
Mnemonics

tact= t(=talent)+ act … so, if you want to show your talent, you need to have the tact to put your act together.

9)saccharine

cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin

10)raffle

lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car
Mnemonics

u get to meet RAFFLE (rafael)nadal if u win the lottery.. ;)

11)quagmire

bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
Mnemonics

Take into consideration the First three words QUAgmire. The words resemble earth QUAKE. So earth quake is an awkward predicament, where soil sinks under your feet.

12)natty

neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
Mnemonics

NATTY sounds like NEAT and N se naya also…, so natty

Week 1

1)kleptomaniac

person who has a compulsive desire to steal

Mnemonics

maniac(means a strong desire to do something, a madness)+klepto(means steal)…so having a strong desire to steal…something

2)labile

likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability.

Mnemonics

LABILE …read it as “liable” to change,i.e UNSTABLE

3)macabre

gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death

Mnemonics
Sounds like massacre..which means “excessive killing of many people”..and which also represents death

4)nascent

incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music

Mnemonics

new soul sent…..to earth

5)oaf

stupid awkward person; CF. elf

Mnemonics

oaf…sounds like uff..and when you see a ugly awkward person..you say..uff ufff..uff kyo mil gaya ye!!

6)padre

chaplain (in the armed forces)

Mnemonics

padh-re padh-re mainly done by all the fathers in home

7)quack

charlatan; impostor

Mnemonics
think of it as…if a person quacks like a duck…he is an impostor who is acting like a
duck

8)rabies

disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)

9)saboteur

one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)

10)tablet

small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
Mnemonics
tab(computer) is to review files and let is to go in so tab+let will relate to allowing it to go into ur body to fight a disease

11)ubiquitous

being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity

Mnemonics

it pronu~ like mosquitos which are being everywhere

12)vacillate

waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation

Mnemonics

sounds like OScillate..so something which moves from one position to another position.

APRIL

Week 4

1)yen

strong desire; longing; urge; Ex. yen for travel

2)wag

shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit
Mnemonics

wag can be divide two part wag~ wavy bag ~same for any other thing

3)vagrant

homeless wanderer

Mnemonics
vagrant rhymes with migrant. Migrants are homeless wanderers

4)ultimatum

last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.

Mnemonics

Ultimatum…Utimate + Term (condition). These are the ultimate terms and conditions that have to be met…this is the final ultimatum.

5)tactful

careful no to cause offence; OP. tactless

Mnemonics for tactful

Tactful – Tact + Full. Someone who knows how to handle a situation tactfully, is well mannered and tactful.

6)sadistic

inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
Mnemonics

Sad… Sadistic persons enjoy by making someone sad or influencing a lot of pain on them.

7)rabble

mob; noisy crowd

Mnemonics

babble is related to sound or noise …..hence rabble is a noisy crowd.

8)quail

cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart

Mnemonics
If you fail in exam, you loose your heart and quail before your dad :)

9)paean

song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
Mnemonics
it is pronounced exactly as P.N. remember it by ‘Priase

10)oatmeal

crushed oats used for making porridge

11)nauseate

cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea

Mnemonics

“You looked sick. Now! Sit! (Nauseate)”

12)magnate

person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate

Mnemonics

like a magnet.. attracts people and hence influences..

Week 3

1)fabricate

build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
mnemonics
i ATE FABRIC..do u believe..i suppose no…!!!

2)abase

lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
Mnemonics
to bring someone down back to A BASE level.

3)gaffe::social blunder

mnemonics

Disney character Goofy who was always making Blunders.

4)hackles

hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone’s hackles rise

mnemonics
hackles rhymes with jackals..they have hair on their back and neck and are very aggressive, filled with anger.

5)idyllic

charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene

mnemonics

sounds like idli…south indian dish…and its a very simple food

6)cabal

small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
Mnemonics
Kabul), remember this place….Bin Laden and his men secretly united in kabul(cabal) to promote their interest, i.e. 9/11 attack…

7)bacchanal

noisy party with a lot of drinking
Mnemonics
Bachchan acted well in movie SHARABI -hope it helps

8)jaundice

medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias

mnemonics

like jhandu u can remamber it

9)eccentric

irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric

Mnemonics

ec(x)-centric(normal): going away from the center that is departing from the norms

 

10)RETINUE :the group following and attending to some important person

Mnemonics

sounds like routine what you FOLLOW (daily) is routine(oops retinue) i.e follow–>routine following–>retinue

11)dauntless

bold; fearless
Mnemonics
If daunt(Fright or FEAR) is less , it means you are bold and dauntless.

12)dawdle

loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
Mnemonics
in yahoo msngr,theres an environment called doodle which is meant for wasting time in yahoo and doodle is also a synonym of dawdle.

March

week4

1)voracious

ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader
Mnemonics

remember carniVORES ,herbiVORES...So "VORE" tells sumthing about eating

2)burlesque

give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly.

Mnemonics
 if you want to ridicule Barclays premier league than you can write Burlesque premier league.

3)frustrate

thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose

Mnemonics

 agar ismein bhi mnemonic chahiye then u r definately frustrated !!

4)buttress

support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress

Mnemonics
 remember by your BUTT or BUTTOCKS ! what do they do? They provide you with a padding when ypu sit, giving support.. 

5)bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

Mnemonics
BULL + WORK--BULLs were carrying bricks for the WORK of a wall construction.

6)frond

fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
Mnemonics
some fronds grow in ponds

7)bungle

mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior

Mnemonics 
bungle like jungle ..... if on a long drive you lose your way and end up in a jungle.... now that's a blunder....

8)bulge

protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude

Mnemonics.
 bulge: it looks like ' bag ', a full bag, which is swelling.

9)bullion

gold and silver in the form of bars.

Mnemonics.
He has billions, and so he buys bullions

10)voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

Mnemonics
 Its simple VOLUMINOUS MEANS full of volume so ITS GENERALLY REFERS TO sth LARGE,ENORMOUS...

11)voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person

Mnemonic 
Voluptuous and sensuous have the same sound and meaning.

12)buffoon

stupid person; clown

13)buffoonery

clowning

14)browbeat

bully; intimidate

week3

1)hypochondriac

person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen

Mnemonics 

 human cell contains MYTOCONDRIA, that is related to health.

2)wretch

miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile

Mnemonic
wretch - people in wrecked ship are miserable...'wretch'

3)vortex

whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged
Mnemonics
 Vertex is the higher point .Vortex is lower point caused by the whirlpool.

4)yield
amount produced; crop; income on investment; profit obtained from an investment; V: produce; give in; surrender
Mnemonic

Yield sounds similar to field. A field is an area where crop is grown, and yield is the amount of crop produced in it as an outcome of one's effort.

5)wring

twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)

Mnemonic
Wring, w+ring--a ring is made by twisting and turning of metal.

6)buffoon

stupid person; clown

7)wrinkle

small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.

Mnemonic
Wrinkle and crinkle sound and mean the same. They mean, all crumpled up.

8)yoke

join together; unite; N: crossbar used to joining two draft animals

Mnemonic
 sounds like "yolk" which is egg-yolk and which joins the parts of egg (egg white, yellow yolk, white yolk) togther

9)crone

hag; ugly old woman

Mnemonics 

    sounds similar to crown...an ugly woman can never be crowned, Miss World.

10)writ

written command issued by a court (telling someone to do or not to do something)

Mnemonic
Writ and script sound the same...writ is a formal written authoritative command while a script is a text of a play,novel etc.

11)cross

bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry

12)buffet

strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set

Mnemonics.
uff,is the one to see..wen someone slaps u ,u slap them back with a verbal assail " wat the ff "...hehehe...lol..!!!

13)vouch

give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher

Mnemonics 
link it like..... casting couch mein Directors guarantees(vouch) the heroine of giving role in the film...

week2

1)burgeon

grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
Mnemonics

Burge+on sounds like Bulge which means growing big

2)hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
Mnemonics

HYPO: unreal, abstract. THETICAL: theoretical, implies based on assumptions

4)buttress

support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress

Mnemonics
 remember by your BUTT or BUTTOCKS ! what do they do? They provide you with a padding when ypu sit, giving support.. 

5)hydrophobia

fear of water; rabies
Mnemonics
HYDRO refers to water and PHOBIA is a fear of something.... therefore a fear of water.

6)bump

hit or knock against with force; N.

Mnemonics
 it sounds like bumper,so bumper hits forcefully to the when we go fast near speed breaker

7)voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others

Mnemonics
 wow yeh yaar!

8)husbandry

frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
Mnemonics
 husband+ry(TRY)...so husbands always try to be frugal, if they have a lavish spending wife..

9)
voluble

fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility

Mnemonics
Remember "volume" in TV controls. It's related to sound. This voluble is also related to speaking.

10)gull

trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
Mnemonics

 cheezein "gull" karna matlab trick se flick karna.

11)voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person

Mnemonic 
Voluptuous and sensuous have the same sound and meaning.

12)extradition

surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V.
 extradite

 ex-tradition.. like tradition is handed down through generations.. so its something to do with passing/giving.. here its a surrendering of a prisoner between two states! This might help you..

13)fulcrum

support on which a lever rests or pivots

14)browbeat

bully; intimidate

week1

1)vulpine

like a fox; crafty
Mnemonic
PINE is sharp, thus it makes the syn :clever, crafty, cunning, foxy, ingenious, shrewdness, skillful, sly, tricky, wily.

2)fumble

move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.

Mnemonics 

 like tumble...

3)hut

crude dwelling; shack

4)hybrid

mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize

5)bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

Mnemonics
BULL + WORK--BULLs were carrying bricks for the WORK of a wall construction.

Mnemonics 
link it like..... casting couch mein Directors guarantees(vouch) the heroine of giving role in the film...

6)vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

Mnemonics 
A voucher is valuable, and where do we keep valuables - in a safe- a safe is a guaranteed security, therefore vouchsafe.

7)frugality

thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive

8)extrinsic

external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic

8)volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.

Mnemonics

just like in volley-ball we throw shots at each other..

9)guise

outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise

10)voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

Mnemonics
 Its simple VOLUMINOUS MEANS full of volume so ITS GENERALLY REFERS TO sth LARGE,ENORMOUS...

11)gruff

rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
Mnemonics
gruff sounds like rough so rough persons are gruff

12)voodoo

religion practiced chiefly in Haiti

Mnemonic
 Axe released a version of deo called "voodoo". The intention is to represent "charm and magic" of the fragrance.

13)cringe

shrink back as if in fear; cower

MNEMONICS

SYRINGE...the child CRINGEd at the sight of the doctor holding a syringe. Cringed with laughter

February

week4

1)vulpine

like a fox; crafty
Mnemonic
PINE is sharp, thus it makes the syn :clever, crafty, cunning, foxy, ingenious, shrewdness, skillful, sly, tricky, wily.

2)fumble

move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.

Mnemonics 

 like tumble...

3)hut

crude dwelling; shack

4)hybrid

mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize

5)bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

Mnemonics
BULL + WORK--BULLs were carrying bricks for the WORK of a wall construction.

Mnemonics 
link it like..... casting couch mein Directors guarantees(vouch) the heroine of giving role in the film...

6)vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

Mnemonics 
A voucher is valuable, and where do we keep valuables - in a safe- a safe is a guaranteed security, therefore vouchsafe.

7)frugality

thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive

8)extrinsic

external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic

8)volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.

Mnemonics

just like in volley-ball we throw shots at each other..

9)guise

outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise

10)voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

Mnemonics
 Its simple VOLUMINOUS MEANS full of volume so ITS GENERALLY REFERS TO sth LARGE,ENORMOUS...

11)gruff

rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
Mnemonics
gruff sounds like rough so rough persons are gruff

12)voodoo

religion practiced chiefly in Haiti

Mnemonic
 Axe released a version of deo called "voodoo". The intention is to represent "charm and magic" of the fragrance.

13)cringe

shrink back as if in fear; cower

MNEMONICS

SYRINGE...the child CRINGEd at the sight of the doctor holding a syringe. Cringed with laughter

week3

1)fulsome

disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire

Mnemonics

You can FOOL SOME people with excessive and insincere praise..

2)vulture

carrion-eating birds
Mnemonics
vulture has no culture, very greedy and hunting other

3)burnish

make shiny by rubbing; polish
Mnemonics.
 Remember Varnish - used on wooden things to make them shine

4)fuddle

make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
Mnemonics
FUDDLE OR MUDDLE - confused.

5)bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

Mnemonics
BULL + WORK--BULLs were carrying bricks for the WORK of a wall construction.

6)hurl

throw forcefully; shout out violently
Mnemonics

hurl - girl ; when your girl (girlfriend) is angry since you didn't gift her pearl necklace , she throws the gift or hurls at you !

7)voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others

Mnemonics
 wow yeh yaar!

9)extrude

force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
Mnemonics
 INtrude is to enter whereas extrude is to force or push OUT

10)exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

Mnemonics 

barrons overflows with that big wordlist

11)voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person

Mnemonic
Voluptuous and sensuous have the same sound and meaning

12)buffoon

stupid person; clown

week 2

1)juncture

crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining

MNEMONICS

sounds very similar to PUNCTURE...well if your tyre gets punctured when you have an important meeting, you find your self IN a HUGE CRISIS

2)invoke

call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God

MNEMONICS

 In a VOCabulary test, I ask for help

3)grumble

complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.

Mnemonics 

 sounds like humble and humble people do not GRUMBLE (not very humble).

4)inviolable

secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability

Mnemonics 

   violate is to break, to infringe thus inviolable is which cannot be broken or infringed, or which cannot be corrupted

5)grunt

utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.

Mnemonics 

 Gutter+Sound. Pigs live in gutter making a GRUNT sound.

6)culinary

relating to cooking or kitchen

MNEMONICS
 cullinary almost rhymes with CURRY, which is again related to cooking.

7)hurtle

crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train

Mnemonics
its HURDLE race, in which runners have to run in a particular direction,it also involves crashes!! Cheers to Olympic 2012

8)volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.

Mnemonics

just like in volley-ball we throw shots at each other..

9)writhe

twist in coils; contort in pain

Mnemonic
 Looks like "write the".. we must write the writhe of the Reporter who was killed by the police for WRITING THE truth or writhe looks like WRITE+HE ,and can be memorised as HE WRITE a story in which he which TWISTED the story.

10)exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

11)crotchety

(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion

MNEMONICS

crotchety-crow(crot)+chutney(chety).. r u insane sharthjntu???? something chutney of crow is odd & eccentric.... (in hindi Kauwa BIRYANI..)

12)grunt

utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.

Mnemonics
Gutter+Sound. Pigs live in gutter making a GRUNT sound.

13)buffoonery

clowning

14)fulminate

thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
Mnemonics
fulminate sounds like full + illuminate During an explosion or lightning, everything is illuminated completely.

week1

1)dally

(verb) consider not very seriously

"He is trifling with her", "She plays with the thought of moving to Tasmania"

synonyms : play , trifle

Mnemonics  :
 sounds like dolly or doll with u like o play

2)procrastinate

(verb) postpone doing what one should be doing

"He did not want to write the letter and procrastinated for days"

synonyms : dilly-dally , dillydally , drag one's feet , drag one's heels , shillyshally , stall

Mnemonics  :
my PROfessor told me to CRASH the TIN and EAT it(as a punishment) but i POSTPONED it...!!!

3)gullible

easily deceived

(adj.) easily tricked because of being too trusting

"gullible tourists taken in by the shell game"

(adj.) naive and easily deceived or tricked

"at that early age she had been gullible and in love"

synonyms : fleeceable , green
Mnemonics

Gullible = Gull + ible = girl/galli + able A girl who is able to be tricked or deceived easily.

4)gait

manner of walking or running; speed

(noun) a person's manner of walking
synonyms : pace

Mnemonics
Remember gate exams which need a different pace to cope up with.

5)exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

(noun) overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval

synonyms : ebullience , enthusiasm

Mnemonics
 barrons overflows with that big wordlist

6)extirpate

root up; uproot; destroy completely

(verb) surgically remove (an organ)

(verb) pull up by or as if by the roots

"uproot the vine that has spread all over the garden"

synonyms : deracinate , root out , uproot

Mnemonics
Exterminate or Extract

7)rabble

mob; noisy crowd

(noun) a disorderly crowd of people

synonyms : mob , rout

Mnemonics

 babble is related to sound or noise .....hence rabble is a noisy crowd.

8)rabid

of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia

(adj.) of or infected by rabies

(adj.) marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea

"rabid isolationist"

synonyms : fanatic , fanatical , overzealous

Mnemonics

 rabbit is extremely zealous about carrots

9)kernel

central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)

(noun) the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

"the gist of the prosecutor's argument", "the heart and soul of the Republican Party", "the nub of the story"

synonyms : center , centre , core , essence , gist , heart , heart and soul , inwardness , marrow , meat , nitty-gritty , nub , pith , substance , sum

10)knave

untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery

(noun) one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a young prince

synonyms : jack

Mnemonics
 k+nave..naive(means trustworthy, innocent)....knave is just the opposite of naive.

11)umbrage

resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness

(noun) a feeling of anger caused by being offended

"he took offence at my question"

synonyms : offence , offense

Mnemonics

notice the last 4 letters...RAGE.And then umbrella =shade, rage=anger and resentment.

12)feral

(of an animal) not domestic; wild

 wild and menacing

"a pack of feral dogs"
synonyms :  ferine , savage

Mnemonics

feral , we can remember like fear+all =>we all will fear seeing a wild animal.

13)ferret

drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and ra

(noun) domesticated albino variety of the European polecat bred for hunting rats and rabbits

Mnemonics
 Ferret is also an animal that looks like a large rat. There was a ferret in my house so we hunted it out of its hiding place so as to kill it.

14)feud

bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism

(noun) a bitter quarrel between two parties

(verb) carry out a feud

"The two professors have been feuding for years"

Mnemonics
 sounds like 'Fuel'.. so sme1 keeps adding fuel to the quarrel and it becomes a 'prolonged quarrel'.

15)lackadaisical

lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid

Mnemonics

lackadaisical sounds as LACKADIZEALCAL... hence the meaning " lack of zeal"

16)laconic

brief and to the point; using few words; terse

(adj.) brief and to the point; effectively cut short

"a crisp retort", "a response so curt as to be almost rude", "the laconic reply; `yes'", "short and terse and easy to understand"

synonyms : crisp , curt , terse

17)haggle

argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)

(noun) an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)

synonyms : haggling , wrangle , wrangling

Mnemonics

haggle-> bangle ka rate kya hai????thoda kam karo na ? :P

18)halcyon

calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days

(noun) a mythical bird said to breed at the time of the winter solstice in a nest floating on the sea and to have the power of calming the winds and waves

(noun) a large kingfisher widely distributed in warmer parts of the Old World

synonyms : genus halcyon

Mnemonics

halycon can be considered as opposite of cyclone...just imagine a cyclone...you will understand what I mean

January 2012

week3

musky

adj.  having the odor of musk

She left a trace of muskyperfume behind her.

Mnemonic: 1) Axe musky odor

luscious

adj.  pleasing to taste or smell

The ripe peach was luscious.

knit

v.  contract into wrinkles; tie or link together

Whenever David worries, his brow knitsin a frown.

Mnemonic: 1)  knit, knitting ~ u go to a NIT , to contract into wrinkles

judicious

adj.  sound in judgment; wise

lurk

v.  stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived

"Who knows what evils lurkin the hearts of men? The shadow knows."

Mnemonic: 1) lurk( lie+arch )~lie arching (lurk)  is same as stealthily lie in waiting to attack  2)lurk.... when pronounced rhymes like LOOK...so you must look to see if someone is waiting toattack you.?..you should look carefully at your surroundings....(basically it is taken from German l•renwhich means to lie in wait)

muse

v.  ponder

For a moment he musedabout the beauty of the scene, but his thought soon changed as he recalled his own personal problems.

muse

v.  ponder

For a moment he musedabout the beauty of the scene, but his thought soon changed as he recalled his own personal problems.

jubilation

n.  rejoicing

There was great jubilationwhen the armistice was announced.

knell

n.  tolling of a bell, especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell

"The curfew tolls the knellof parting day."

Mnemonic: 1) nail, knell has an ell ~ big nail (knell) bells a sound to indicate th death of say king ..  2) hell ~ knell in hell makes sound of funeral bell

luminous

adj.  shining; issuing light

The sun is a luminousbody.

lunar

adj.  pertaining to the moon

lunarcraters can be plainly seen with the aid of a small telescope.

lurid

adj.  wild; sensational

The luridstories he told shocked his listeners.
jovial

adj.  good natured; merry

A frown seemed out of place on his invariably jovialface.

Mnemonic: 1) lurid ( loo + read)~ loo is reading (lurid) wild , sensational stories during summer.. 2) venkateshwaraloo reads wild and sensational contents 3) lurid..concentrate on de last 4 letters-ur+id.so if someone hacks UR mail ID,he has gotta be aSENSATIONAL hacker and in response to this u would become WILD

Ant: dull

week2

fusillade

n.  simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)

Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture concludes with a thunderous fusilladeof cannon fire.

Mnemonic: 1) fus (fuse)+ will+ade (aid)~a big fuse will ade (fusillade) in simulataneous firing or million missiles when attacked 2) 'Fusion' bomb, a kind of nuclear bomb. So 'fusillade' is discharge ofbombs.

fusion

n.  union; coalition

The opponents of the political party in power organized a fusionof disgruntled groups and became an important element in the election.

futile

adj.  ineffective; fruitless

Why waste your time on futilepursuits? 

grudging

adj.  unwilling; reluctant; stingy

We received only grudgingsupport from the mayor despite his earlier promises of aid.

Mnemonic: 1) When you have a grudge against someone, u are reluctant and unwilling to give anything to him/her

gruel

n.  thin, liquid porridge  (usually oatmeal or cornmeal)

Our daily allotment of gruelmade the meal not only monotonous but also unpalatable.

Mnemonic: 1) sounds like cruel. Imagine a cruel person getting more cruel day by day because he is getting thin liquid porridge in the prison.2) The cruel managers of the orphanage give the hungry children a meagre mealof gruel.

grueling

adj.  exhausting

The marathon is a gruelingrace.

gruesome

adj.  grisly; shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

People screamed when her gruesomeappearance was flashed on the screen.

Syn: ghastly, grim, grisly, macabre, sick

husbandry

n.  frugality; thrift; agriculture

He accumulated his small fortune by diligence and husbandry.

Ant: friction

hybrid

n.  mongrel; mixed breed

Mendel's formula explains the appearance of hybridsand pure species in breeding.

hydrophobia

n.  fear of water; rabies

A dog that bites a human being must be observed for symptoms of hydrophobia.

hyperbole

n.  exaggeration; overstatement

This salesman is guilty of hyperbolein describing his product; it is wise to discount his claims.

Ant: understatement

irresolute

adj.  uncertain how to act; weak

She had no respect for him because he seemed weak-willed and irresolute.

Mnemonic: (IR)not knowing... how to make resolutions.

irreverent

adj.  lacking proper respect

The worshippers resented her irreverentremarks about their faith.

Mnemonic: as in reverent means one who pays respect to god.. hence irreverence is no respect at all .

irrevocable

adj.  unalterable

Let us not brood over past mistakes since they are irrevocable.

Mnemonic: not+REWORKABLE..that cannot be reworked

isotope

n.  varying form of an element

The study of the isotopesof uranium led to the development of the nuclear bomb.

week1

1) luscious

adj.  pleasing to taste or smell

The ripe peach was luscious.
Mnemonic: 1)  lush +sea+ice ~  lush in a sea ice (luscious) is exteamly sexy and pleasing test and smell 2)rhymes with delicious. and it means delicous. (in fact it is derived from delicious)

2)kudos

n.  honor; glory; praise

The singer complacently received kudoson his performance from his entourage.

3)juxtapose

v.  place side by side

Comparison will be easier if you juxtaposethe two objects.

key words=> just a pose (juxtapose)

link method=> objects just in a pose (juxtapose) are put side by side for comparison

4)isthmus

n.  narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land

In a magnificent feat of engineering, Goethals and his men cut through the isthmusof Panama in constructing the Panama Canal.

Mnemonic: Consider the first letter(I) and the last letter(S). Remember the word as the isthmus between India and Srilanka constructed by Vanarsena :)

5)itinerary

n.  plan of a trip

Before leaving for his first visit to France and England, he discussed his itinerarywith people who had been there and with his travel agent

6)hypothetical

adj.  based on assumptions or hypotheses

Why do we have to consider hypotheticalcases when we have actual case histories that we may examine? 

7)fusion

n.  union; coalition

The opponents of the political party in power organized a fusionof disgruntled groups and became an important element in the election.

8)gyroscope

n.  apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.

By using a rotating gyroscope, they were able to stabilize the vessel, counteracting the rolling movements of the sea.

9) lurk

v.  stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived

"Who knows what evils lurkin the hearts of men? The shadow knows."

Mnemonic: 1) lurk( lie+arch )~lie arching (lurk)  is same as stealthily lie in waiting to attack  2)lurk.... when pronounced rhymes like LOOK...so you must look to see if someone is waiting toattack you.?..you should look carefully at your surroundings....(basically it is taken from German l•renwhich means to lie in wait).

10)itinerant

n.  wandering; traveling

He was an itinerantpeddler and traveled through Pennsylvania and Virginia selling his wares.

Ant: settled

11)hypochondriac

n.  person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness

The doctor prescribed chocolate pills for his patient who was a hypochondriac.

Mnemonic: 1) Hypo (too much) + chondriac (worried about health)

12)hypocritical

adj.  pretending to be virtuous; deceiving

I resent his hypocriticalposing as a friend for I know he is interested only in his own advancement.

Mnemonic: 1) hypo (too little) + critical ~ ie pretenting as not critical to deceive.

13)fusillade

n.  simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)

Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture concludes with a thunderous fusilladeof cannon fire.

Mnemonic: 1) fus (fuse)+ will+ade (aid)~a big fuse will ade (fusillade) in simulataneous firing or million missiles when attacked 2) 'Fusion' bomb, a kind of nuclear bomb. So 'fusillade' is discharge ofbombs.

14)gusto

n.  enjoyment; enthusiasm

He accepted the assignment with such gustothat I feel he would have been satisfied with a smaller salary.

Mnemonic: 1) GUSTo..gust..guest..you are filled with much enthusiasm while you eagerly waitfor your guest to arrive. 2) gesh ho ~ agar tum kahi pe guest ho to u feel happy and ethusiastic

Ant: distaste

15)futile

adj.  ineffective; fruitless

Why waste your time on futilepursuits? 

16)gusty

adj.  windy

The gustyweather made sailing precarious.

Mnemonic: 1) gusty=dusty..so when the wind blows dust will form. 2) ghosty~ a big strong wind  that is ghotsly is gusty

Ant: calm

December

Week 3

tutelary

adj.  protective; pertaining to a guardianship

I am acting in my tutelarycapacity when I refuse to grant you permission to leave the campus.

Mnemonic: 1)tutor tell not to worry as he is protecting the students

symbiosis
n.  interdependent relationship (between groups, species), often mutually beneficial

Both the crocodile bird and the crocodile derive benefit from their symbiosis; pecking away at food particles embedded in the crocodile's teeth, the bird derives nourishment; the crocodile, meanwhile, derives proper dental hygiene.

Mnemonic: 1)split it like sym(simi)lar+bio+sis..so two sis(ters)..who are sharing BIOlogicallysimilar.body...are living by mutually helping each other.

rustic

adj.  pertaining to country people; uncouth

The backwoodsman looked out place in his rusticattire.

Mnmonic: 1) rust + dik ~ all guys in rual areas has rust in their dic as they mostly walk in filed 

quirk

n.  peculiarity of action or behavior; caprice

By a quirkof fate, he found himself working for the man whom he had discharged years before.

Syn: Twist, Trick 

Mnemonics

Sounds like "quick" (sharp turn).

pusillanimous 
adj.  cowardly; fainthearted

You should be ashamed of your pusillanimousconduct during this dispute.

Mnemonic: 1)  pus+ill +animous~pusi is laminous (pusillanimous) for cowerdly, fainthearted girls.. 2)take it as PUSSY + ANIMAL = a pussy will always be dumb and cowardly, willalways lack courage.3)pussillanimous --> PUSSY with ANIMUS(enemy). So, someone whobehaves like a pussy cat with his enemies is coward and also remember PUISSANT means powerful and strong

Ex.He was too pusillanimous to stop the man from snatching the lady’s chain.

Syn: POLTROON

Ant: courageous 

overt 
adj.  open to view

According to the United States Constitution, a person must commit an overtact before he may be tried for treason.

Mnemonic: we know covert is hidden so overt is an exact opposite ie non-secretive.

Ant: hidden 

tycoon

n.  wealthy leader

John D. Rockefeller was a prominent tycoon.

ruthless 
adj.  pitiless

The escaped convict was a dangerous and ruthlessmurderer.

Ant: merciful 

SYNOPTIC providing a general overview; summary

The professor turned to the latest issue of Dissertation Abstracts for a synopticaccount of what was new in the field.

 Mnemonics
 something like synopsis

putative

adj.  supposed; reputed

Although there are some doubts, the putativeauthor of this work is Massinger.

Mnemonic: 1) put+ at+ ive (eve)~ put at eve (putative) what is repuated or acknowleged  to get approval from all.. 2)remember "reputative" 3)

Ex. "the foundling's putative father", "the putative author of the book", The putative leader behind the recent bomb blast was arrested yesterday.

Ant: undisputed

truism 
n.  self-evident truth

Many a truismis well expressed in a proverb.

Mnemonic: 1)TRUISM = TRUI(TRUE) + SM(SELF MADE) => self evident truth 2)TRUISM and AXIOM have a similar sound and meaning.

overweening 
adj.  presumptuous; arrogant

His overweeningpride in his accomplishments was not justified.

Mnemonic: a person who wins over and over can be arrogant.

Ant: humble 

truncate 
v.  cut the top off

The top of the cone that has been truncatedin a plane parallel to its base is a circle.

rusticate 
v.  banish to the country; dwell in the country; Suspend temporarily from college or university, in England

I like city life so much that I can never understand how people can rusticatein the suburbs.

eX: RUSTICATED FO RHIS BAD BEHAVIOR

nuptial 
adj.  related to marriage

Their nuptialceremony was performed in Golden Gate Park.

nurture

v.  nourish; educate; foster

The head Start program attempts to nurtureprekindergarten children so that they will do well when they enter public school. 

murkiness

n.  darkness; gloom

The murkinessand fog of the waterfront that evening depressed me.

Mnmonic: 1) in telugu "murki" means dirty,so dirty is obviously dark 2)Murky > Murgi? Murgi bhaag gayi, couldn't catch it because it was > Dark,gloomy, vague, thickwith fog! Actually visibility kum the yaar!

muse 
v.  ponder

For a moment he musedabout the beauty of the scene, but his thought soon changed as he recalled his own personal problems. 

murkiness

n.  darkness; gloom

The murkinessand fog of the waterfront that evening depressed me.

Mnmonic: 1) in telugu "murki" means dirty,so dirty is obviously dark 2)Murky > Murgi? Murgi bhaag gayi, couldn't catch it because it was > Dark,gloomy, vague, thickwith fog! Actually visibility kum the yaar!

muse 
v.  ponder

For a moment he musedabout the beauty of the scene, but his thought soon changed as he recalled his own personal problems.

Week 2

anesthetic

 substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia

vindictive

adj.  revengeful; out for revenge; spiteful;

She was very vindictiveand never forgave an injury.

Mnemonic: 1) vindictive=win+addictive obsessed about winning ...so always having ill willagainst others 2) vintictive acts result in vendetta

vital

adj.  vibrant and lively; critical; living, breathing

The vital, highly energetic first aid instructor stressed that it was vital in examining accident victims to note their vital signs.

angular

 sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner

perversion

n.  corruption; turning from right to wrong

Inasmuch as he had no motive for his crimes, we could not understand his perversion.

Menmonic: 1)Can be related to Pervez Musharaff... who was stubbornly wrongheaded;perverted, directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable.. 2) perverts are perverse 3) if we remove letter "p" and if we only concenterate on the rverse-this soundssimillar to reverse- which is nothing but leading to opposite path which is not acceptable in society

guile

n.  deceit; duplicity

She achieved her high position by guileand treachery.

Ant: artlessness

lustrous

adj.  shining

Her large and lustrouseyes gave a touch of beauty to an otherwise drab face.

Mnemonic:illustrous

animated

taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.

 misdemeanor 
n.  minor crime

The culprit pleaded guilty to a misdemeanorrather than face trial for a felony.

vilify 
v.  slander

She is a liar and is always trying to vilifymy reputation.

Ant: sing the praises of, eulogize

Mnemonic: 1) Vilify (to defame someone) is the opposite of glorify (to praise someone highly). 2) Vilify (to speak ill of) is to make someone out to be a villain 3)Just assume "vil(villain)+ify " who always slander or speaks evil against hero.

monotheism

n.  belief in one God

Abraham was the first to proclaim his belief in monotheism.

Mnemonic: 1) MONO(SINGLE) + THE( root for GOD)

gruel 
n.  thin, liquid porridge  (usually oatmeal or cornmeal)

Our daily allotment of gruelmade the meal not only monotonous but also unpalatable.

Mnemonic: 1) sounds like cruel. Imagine a cruel person getting more cruel day by day because he is getting thin liquid porridge in the prison.2) The cruel managers of the orphanage give the hungry children a meagre mealof gruel.

quorum

n.  number of members necessary to conduct a meeting

The senator asked for a roll call to determine whether a quorumwas present.

animadversion

 critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval

moratorium

n.  legal delay of payment

If we declare a moratoriumand delay collection of debts for six months, I am sure the farmers will be able to meet their bills.

Mnemonic: 1) MORATORIUM rhymes with AUDITORIUM..so there was DELAY INPAYMENT for building the auditorium 2) MORAtorium sounds like AUDItorium, where there was a delay in the program

anguish

 acute pain; extreme suffering

misnomer

n.  wrong name; incorrect designation

pert

adj.  impertinent; irreverent; forward; Characterized by a lightly pert and exuberant quality

I think your pertand impudent remarks call for an apology.

Mnemonic: 1) remove the r from pert ....... and it becomes pet...... pets always make you feelexuberant 2) furt~ u give a furt  and it was interpreted as a pert

Ex. pert young miss/hat, characterized by a lightly pert and exuberant quality

Syn: Malapert, Tart, Slut, Saucy

Ant: Timid, Polite, Modest

Week-1

bloated 
adj.  swollen or puffed as with water or air

Her bloatedstomach came from drinking so much water.

Mnemonc: 1) floated ~after the body became puffed with water and air it floated  in the pond. 

hoax

n.  trick; practical joke

Embarrassed by the hoax, he reddened and left the room.

vehement

adj.  impetuous; with marked vigor

He spoke with vehementeloquence in defense of his client.

Ant: calm

hoard

v.  stockpile; accumulate for future use

Whenever there are rumors of a food shortage, people are tempted to hoardfood.

Syn: accumulate , amass , collect , compile , pile up , roll up, cache, stash

Mnemonic: 1)A whore make so much money through prostitution that she has a hoard ofcash. she has to make money earlier in her age..... as she cannot sell herself once she becomes old 2) hoard - lord ; the land lord had hoard so much of property and moneythat his useless sons never bothered to make money of their own !

Ant: lavish

vaunted 
adj.  boasted; bragged; highly publicized

This much vauntedproject proved a disappointment when it collapsed.

Ant: belittled

Mnemonic: 1) haunted ~ imagine any boasted projected in ur company .. that craets so much pressure .. even u r haunted in ur sleep by it .. haunted projects are vaunted

malapropism

n.  comic misuse of a word

When Mrs. Malaprop criticizes Lydia for being "as headstrong as an allegory on the banks of the Nile," she confuses "allegory" and "allegator" in a typical malapropism.

Mnemonic: 1) mal (negative) + prop (proper usage) .. improper usage of words

blithe

adj.  gay; joyous; careless

Shelley called the skylark a "blithespirit" because of its happy song.

Mnemonic: 1) flight~ i had a joyous flight to space in virgin galactic 

Syn: Angelic Spirits(UK), Lively (US), Buoyant, Animated, Vivacity (Women), Pep & Bounce (Women), Cheerful, Gay, Sprightly, Elated, Verve (US) (Women)

Ant: grave

hoary

adj.  white with age

The man was hoaryand wrinkled when he was 70.

Mnemonic: 1) how many array~how many array (hoary) of white hairs are there in your head 2) Hoary or Hairy (white here). 3) Old + hairy~ since old, obviously old with white hair; white with age

xylem

n.  The woody part of plants: the supporting and water-conducting tissue, consisting primarily of tracheids and vessels; vascular tissue

Syn: Tissue from plantWoody

vegetate

v.  live in a monotonous way(without interests or activity); grow or spread abnormally

I do not understand how you can vegetatein this quiet village after the adventurous life you have led.

Mnemonic: 1)relate it to vegetarian = one who never takes meat or any of its products but onlyvegetables therefore has a monotonous taste of food.

obsequious

adj.  slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic

Helen valued people who behaved as if they respected themselves; nothing irritated her more than an excessively obsequiouswaiter or a fawning salesclerk. 

malaise

n.  uneasiness; distress

She felt a sudden vague malaisewhen she heard sounds at the door.

Mnemonic: 1) mal(means bad, not good (of condition)+aise(sounds like ease)....and someonewho is not atease is one who is feeling ill 2)Think of malaria

veer 
v.  change in direction

After what seemed an eternity, the wind veeredto the east and the storm abated.

berserk

adj.  frenzied, demoniac, amok

Angered, he went berserkand began to wreck the room.

Mnemonic: like bear & shark ~ like bear & shark berserkhe attacked the stranger

Ant:sane

histrionic

adj.  theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting;

He was proud of his histrionicability and wanted to play the role of Hamlet.

Mnemonic: 1) histrionic-- sounds like history. We find that most of the plays performed onstage in the theatre are from history, hence the name histrionic, theatrical. 2) a history teatesr explains electronis -- it was dramatic and thetrical !!

beset 
v.  harass; trouble; annoy continually or chronically

Many problems besetthe American public school system.

Mnemonic:1)  be set~ Once the batsman is SET beset, he can easily attack the bowlers and make runs on all sides. 2) beset => upset 3) once a tenat is set in ur house.. they can harras you for demanding to vacate  

xylographer

n.  the art of making engravings on wood especially for printing

Syn: Wood carver
 obscure

adj.  dark; vague; unclear

Even after I read the poem a fourth time, its meaning was still obscure.

Syn: Unfathomable, Profound, Arcane, Obscure, Difficult to understand, Incomprehensible, Abstruse, Recondite, Secret, Hidden, Unseen

Ant: Obvious, Lucid, Ostensible, Edify, Plain

obscure

v.  darken; make unclear

At times he seemed purposely to obscurehis meaning, preferring mystery to clarity.

malcontent 
n.  person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs

He was one of the few malcontentsin the Congress; he constantly voiced his objections to the Presidential program.

Mnemonic: 1)mal(means not in good state)+content(means satisfied)........iif you are not in agood state youcannot be satisfied.

Syn: Dissatisfied, Disgruntled, Malcontent, Insurgent, Insurrectionary, Iconoclast, Maverick, Rebellious people, Coup detat, NEG: Coterie, caucus, clique, cohorts, Faction, gang, POS: Conclave, cabal

NOVEMBER

week 3

BEATITUDE

n.  blessedness; state of bliss

Growing closer to God each day, the mystic achieved a state of indescribable beatitude.

Mnemonic: 1) beautiful attitude ~ comes frOm a blessedness 

Syn: Highest form of Spiritual happiness, Bliss, Ecstasy, Rapturous, Happiness, Holy joy, Pleasure

LULL
n.  moment of calm

Not wanting to get wet, they waited under the awning for a lullin the rain.

QUORUM

n.  number of members necessary to conduct a meeting

The senator asked for a roll call to determine whether a quorumwas present. 

PALPITATE

v.  throb; flutter

As he became excited, his heart began to palpitatemore and more erratically

VEHEMENT

adj.  impetuous; with marked vigor

He spoke with vehementeloquence in defense of his client.

Ant: calm 

BEHOLDEN

adj.  obligated; indebted

Since I do not wish to be beholden to anyone, I cannot accept this favor.

Mnemonic: (1) beholden --be+hold--> HOLDING somebody's feet to THANK him.(2) Behold is stated like someone has hold on you as you are having debts. 

LURID

adj.  wild; sensational

The luridstories he told shocked his listeners.

Mnemonic: 1) lurid ( loo + read)~ loo is reading (lurid) wild , sensational stories during summer.. 2) venkateshwaraloo reads wild and sensational contents 3) lurid..concentrate on de last 4 letters-ur+id.so if someone hacks UR mail ID,he has gotta be aSENSATIONAL hacker and in response to this u would become WILD

Ant: dull 

QUOTIDIAN

adj.  daily; commonplace; customary

To Philip, each new day of his internship was filled with excitement; he could not dismiss his rounds as merely quotidianroutine.

Mnemonic: 1) split it as "quote+indian". Newspapers quote opinions of Indians everyday.. soits a DAILY occurence,customary 2)Qoutidian=Quoted every day 3)akin to quote. A quote is told repeatedly - i.e., a cliche.

Ex. "there's nothing quite like a real...train conductor to add color to a quotidian commute"; Feeding the cats is a quotidian chore.;

Ant: extraordinary, unusual

Syn: mundane, routine, unremarkable

UXORIOUS

adj.  excessively devoted to one's wife

His friends laughed at him because he was so uxoriousand submissive to his wife's desires.

Mnemonic: 1) ox or wise~ a husband who is excessively deveoted to his wife is either becomes an or or wise (uxorious) 2) u+xo+rious= U+OX+RIGOROUS ...NW imagine a wife commanding herhusband," U OX(xo),complete this work rigorously ..!!"

Syn:Fond of wife

Ant: hating ones own wife, Bluebeard, Wife beater

BEREAVEMENT

n.  state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved

His friends gathered to console him upon his sudden bereavement.

Mnemonic:1)  be-leave-ment; this is the state when some one LEAVEs us forever 2) brave +men ~ brave men bereavementcan only experience/withstand a deprivement of beloved 

USURP

v.  seize power; supplant

The revolution ended when the victorious rebel leader usurpedthe throne.

Mnemonic: 1) usurp - If I make use of your power forcefully then I am usurping. 2)us(e)+ur+p(ower)

 PANDER

v.  cater to the low desires of others; Arrange for sexual partners for others

The reviewer accused the makers of Lethal Weapon of panderingto the masses' taste of violence.

Mnemonic: 1) pan + der (drier)~ pan drier (pander) is to cater to the low desires other 20 Pander: Porn + Render. Renderer/Provider/Caterer of porn stuffs 3)sounds like Pan+Vendor. That Pan vendor is a pander by evening.or just thinkof vendor....anyone who is catering to the needs of to whom he is supplying

Syn: Procurer, Pimp, Solicitor, Lawyer, (Tout)

BOVINE

adj.  cowlike; placid and dull

Nothing excites Esther; even when she won the state lottery, she still preserved her air of bovinecalm.

Mnemonic: 1)basically this word is taken from BOV..means cow..and cow generally remains calm, placid..and dull 2) bov (bou, bengali)+ wine~ bou (wife) server wine to cow to make it dull  3) bow + wine~ if u bow for a drop of wine .. u will be cowlike to wife

Syn: Silly, Foolish, Stupid, Obtuse, Bovine, Asinine, Fatuous, Doltish, Nit-wit, Ninny, Nincompoop, Numskull, Dullard, Dunce, Blockhead, Dunderhead, Demented, imbecile, Moronic, Cretin, Idiot

Ant: Intelligence, Perspicacity, Wise, Clever, Sapient, sagacious, astute

LUSTROUS

adj.  shining

Her large and lustrouseyes gave a touch of beauty to an otherwise drab face.

Mnemonic:illustrous 

. 

PANACEA

n.  cure-all; remedy for all diseases

There is no easy panaceathat will solve our complicated international situation.

Mnemonic: 1) pan + asia~ remedy for all deaseases is  Pan (cooking unitensil) in Asia.

Syn: Cure all, Magic cure, Universal Medicine

PANTOMIME

n.  acting without dialogue

Because he worked in pantomime, the clown could be understood wherever he appeared. 

VAUNTED

adj.  boasted; bragged; highly publicized

This much vauntedproject proved a disappointment when it collapsed.

Ant: belittled

Mnemonic: 1) haunted ~ imagine any boasted projected in ur company .. that craets so much pressure .. even u r haunted in ur sleep by it .. haunted projects are vaunted

VENEER

n.  thin layer; cover

Casual acquaintances were deceived by his veneerof sophistication and failed to recognize his fundamental shallowness.

Mnemonic: 1) veneer sounds like very near, if u put a thin sheet or cover over something, thenit is very nearto that thing.. 2) Paneer ~ a dish show casing thin layer of panner --as vaneer dish

Week 2

TRAVAIL

n.  painful labor

How long do you think a man can endure such travailand degradation without rebelling?

Mnemonic: 1) travail ~ travel - If want to get a chance to travel overseas, you have totravail in your company. 2) TRAVel - AIL...Imagine someone ailing after a long travel...repenting over thelarge physical and mental pain and tiredness after the travel

Ex. Kid in picture will get chocolates for his travail.

Ant: relaxation 

KNAVERY

n.  rascality; lack of honesty, acts of lying or cheating or stealing

We cannot condone such knavery in public officials.

Mnemonic: 1)  nay + worry (knavery)~ navy worry (knavery) abt lack of honesty, acts of stealing .. 

ZEALOT

n.  fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal

It is good to have a few zealotsin our group for their enthusiasm is contagious.

Syn: Extremist when it comes to religious, intolerance, Zealot, Fanatic, Fundamentalist, Bigot, Puritan, Pharisaical, Humbug, Hypocrisy

Ant: Catholic, Cosmopolitan, Broadminded, Secular, Tolerant, Eclectic

LACKADAISICAL

adj.  affectedly languid; lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy

He was lackadaisicaland indifferent about his part in the affair.

Mnemonic: 1) like a deshi girl~ always lazy

Syn: Slow, Sluggish, Slothful, Tardy, Lazy, Lethargic, Indolent, Lackadaisical, Languorous, Languid, Lassitude, Torpor, Torpid, Inert, Comatose, Catatonic, Death

Ant: ambitious, Nimble, Agile, Fleet footed, Sprightly, Alacrity, Celerity

ZEAL

n.  eager enthusiasm

Wang's zealwas contagious; soon all his fellow students were busily making posters, inspired by his ardent enthusiasm for the cause.

TUTELAGE

n.  guardianship; training

Under the tutelageof such masters of the instrument, she made rapid progress as a virtuoso.

Syn: Instruction, Pupilage, Protégé, Aegis, Protection, Guardianship, Care

LACERATE

v.  mangle; tear

Her body was laceratedin the automobile crash.

Mnemonic: 1) lesser you ate ~ lesser you ate leceratechilly .. that u will produce less shear & tear in ur stomach   2) laser u ate ~ if u ate smkd of laser u will lacerated .. teared and mangled

Syn: Cut (literally), Attack heavily, Barb

ZEPHYR

n.  gentle breeze; west wind

When these zephyrs blow, it is good to be in an open boat under a full sail.

Mnemonic: (1) Zephyr = Ze + Phyr ~ sounds like the-fire; A slight wind could help in spreading fire by blowing it in a certain direction.(2)Zephyr is like respire...Zephyr means air and respire means to breathe, therefore you breathe in the air..hence relating the words to each other

TUREEN

n.  deep dish for serving soup

The waiters brought the soup to the tables in silver tureens.

Mnemonic: 1)A TU-RIN (a SOAP used to wash )  a BASIN,cloth etc (dish) from which soup is served. 2) tar in a deep baseel of soup  

LABILE

adj.  likely to change; unstable

Because the hormonal changes they undergo affect their spirits, adolescents may become emotionally labile and experience sudden shifts of mood.

Mnemomnic: 1)labile -in lab for a while as the system is unstable and likely to change 2) LABILE ...read it as "liable" to change,i.e UNSTABLE 

Ant: stable

zenith

n.  point directly overhead in the sky; summit

When the sun was at its zenith, the glare was not as strong as at sunrise and sunset.

Ant: nadir

laborious

adj.  demanding much work or care; tedious

In putting together his dictionary of the English language, Doctor Johnson undertook a laborioustask.

Week 1

maelstrom 
n.  whirlpool

The canoe was tossed about in the maelstrom.

Mnemonic: 1) mal(= bad) strom (storm) bad storm like a whirpool 2)MAEL(MALE)+STROM(MEANS..stromy..violence)..so a male who brings strominto his family

Syn: Whirlpool, Eddy Waters, Swirling, Maelstrom, Vortex, Air current that sucks you apart

 ulterior 
adj.  situated beyond; unstated and often questionable

You must have an ulteriormotive for your behavior, since there is no obvious reason for it.

Ant: stated

hackles 
n.  hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog

The dog's hacklesrose and he began to growl as the sound of footsteps grew louder.

Mnemonic: 1) hackles rhymes with jackals..they have hair on their back and neck and are veryaggressive, filled with anger..

haggard 
adj.  wasted away; gaunt

After his long illness, he was pale and haggard.

Ant: plump

Sun: bony , cadaverous , emaciated , gaunt , pinched , skeletal , wasted

Mnemonic: 1) Hagrid, a character from Harry Potter is very huge HEALTHY andgigantic..haggard is the opposite of it..gaunt i.e very thin.. 2)"Hago" means to shit or go to toilet for throwing stool. A haggardsuffers from disentry (always go to toilet) so gaunt, worn out and thin. May God save him!

machinations 
n.  schemes

I can see through your wily machinations.

ubiquitous 
adj.  being everywhere; omnipresent

That Christmas "The Little Drummer Boy" seemed ubiquitous: Justin heard the tune everywhere he went.

hackneyed

adj.  commonplace; trite

The English teacher criticized her story because of its hackneyedand unoriginal plot.

Ant: original

haggle

v.  argue about prices

I prefer to shop in a store that has a one-price policy because, whenever I hagglewith a shopkeeper, I am never certain that I paid a fair price for the articles I purchased.

Mnemonic: 1) hug all~ to better nurgain abt price first hug all the shoap keepers 

ultimate

adj.  final; not susceptible to further analysis

Scientists are searching for the ultimatetruths.

Ant: incipient 

ultimatum

n.  last demand; warning

Since they have ignored our ultimatum, our only recourse is to declare war.

machiavellian 
n.  crafty; double-dealing

I do not think he will be a good embassador because he is not accustomed to the machiavellianmaneuverings of foreign diplomats.

Mnemonic: 1)sounds like mafia villain. A villain is always crafty and doubledealing. 

Syn: Cagy, Crafty, Cunning, Artful, Wily, Vulpine, Machiavellian, Tendentious, Disingenuous, Guile

maculated

adj.  spotted; stained,Make dirty or spotty

Instead of writing that Gorbachev had a birthmark on his forehead, the pompous young poet sang of the former premier's maculatedbrow.

Ant: unspotted

Mnemonic: 1) MAC~ a dirty mac computer is rare .. but u found maculated MAC on ur office desk !

madrigal

n.  pastoral song

His program of folk songs included several madrigalswhich he sang to the accompaniment of a lute.

Mnemonic: 1)Mad (Madona) + gal~ MAdona singin madrigal with lot of gal 2) Madir + gal~ in Madrid Span an group of gals are performing madrigal 3) MADRIGAL rhymes with married girl..so a PASTORAL SONG was sung for themarried girl.

October

Week 4

             

1)BULLION::::

Meaning: 	Bars of gold and silver

Sentence: 	 The value of bullion as an investment has declined over the years, as most                  people prefer to invest in stock or real estate.

MNEMONIC:        he has billions and so he buys bullion.

2)TANGIBLE:::::

Meaning: 	Able to be touched, Not elusive or visionary

Sentence: 	There was no tangible proof against him that could account for his involvement in the murder, so he was acquitted by the court.

Synonyms: 	Definite, Palpable

Antonyms: 	Ethereal

Related Word: 	Tangibleness (n), Tangibility (n), Tangibly (adv)

MNEMONIC:    tangible or say physical,something which can be touch and sensed or felt by touch

3)RECALCITRANT:::::

Meaning: 	(Person) objecting to restraint or obstinately disobedient

Sentence: 	He is among the most recalcitrant children I've ever seen, simply refusing to do anything that I ask him to do.

Synonyms: 	Obstinate; Obdurate

Antonyms: 	Yielding, Docile, Tractable

MNEMONIC:
                 re+calcit(looks like calcite)+rant...as we know calcite is a hard mineral found in calcium carbonate which forms the major part of rocks, chalk and marble, is hard to break and likewise a recalcitrant person is also stubborn.

4)UBIQUITIOUS:: 
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity

    (adj.) being present everywhere at once
    synonyms : omnipresent

    God is omnipotent and omnipresent

MNEMONIC: remember UB Group of Vijaya Malliya. It is present everywhere in India.

5)EBB::::: 
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide

synonyms : reflux

(verb) fall away or decline

"The patient's strength ebbed away"
MNEMONIC:::

Relate it to egg ;; now-a-days because of bird flu the quantity of eggs coming to the market is reduced. 

6)JAB:::: 
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows

    (noun) the act of touching someone suddenly with your finger or elbow

    "she gave me a sharp dig in the ribs"
    synonyms : dig

MNEMONIC:

so you poke with a knife in someone jeb(pocket)..and the others person come to know and PUNCH YOU.

7)PACHYDERM::::::

thick-skinned animal

    (noun) any of various nonruminant hoofed mammals having very thick skin: elephant; rhinoceros; hippopotamus

Mnemonics

    derm means skin(dermatologist is a skin specialist) and eg for pachderm animals are elephants,hippopotomus,etc ..the word pachy sounds like pack.. so the skin is so packed that is becomes thick.. thus pachyderm is thick-skinned

8)QUACK::::: 
charlatan; impostor

    (noun) the harsh sound of a duck

    I could hear a loud quack from the pond. 

Mnemonics for quack

    ( think of it as...if a person quacks like a duck...he is an impostor who is acting like a duck

9)KERNAL::::: 
                central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)

synonyms :
                      center , centre , core , essence , gist , heart , heart and soul , inwardness , marrow , meat ,                      nitty-gritty , nub , pith , substance , sum

Mnemonics:

    kernel sounds similar to colonel. In an army the colonel has an importance of being the central authority.

10)NADIR::::::: 
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith

    (noun) the point below the observer that is directly opposite the zenith on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected

synonyms : low-water mark

Losing the quarterfinal was the nadir of her tennis career

MNEMONICS:

Na+gir meaning from where one cannot fall that is the lowest point...

11)RABID:::::: 
                    of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; 

                    (adj.) of or infected by rabies

                  (adj.) marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea

                "rabid isolationist"
synonyms :           fanatic , fanatical , overzealous..

Mnemonics 

     rabbit is extremely zealous about carrots

12)RAFFLE:::::: 
          lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car

          (noun) a lottery in which the prizes are goods rather than money

           (verb) dispose of in a lottery

           "We raffled off a trip to the Bahamas"
synonyms :   raffle off

Mnemonics

    (Tag: ) u get to meet RAFFLE (rafael)nadal if u win the lottery.. 

13)TACITURN:::::: 
               habitually silent; talking little

    (adj.) habitually reserved and uncommunicative

MNEMONIC:

Taxi_turn while taking turns during driving, you will always find the taxi driver silent..

14)iCTHYOLOGY::::::::: 
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish

    (noun) the branch of zoology that studies fishes

Mnemonics for ichthyology

 Fich+thyology...put f it becomes fich-> fish... study of fish

16) FEALTY 
 	MEANING :
 	1. faithfulness, loyalty or fidelity
        2. an oath to remain faithful or loyal

USAGE  :

 	        His long term fealty to the Prime minister secured for him a cabinet berth                 in the         new government.

Synonyms: 	constancy, devotion, divined, duty, faithfulness, fidelity, loyalty,            obligation

17) ABET 
  Meaning: 	Incite or support, encourage (usually an offender or the commission                     of an offence)

  Sentence: 	The judge ruled Mr. Cornwell guilty of aiding and abetting                 the main accused in the bank-robbery case.
  Synonyms: 	Uphold
  Antonyms: 	Frustrate
 Related Word: 	Abetment (n), Abettor (n), Abettor (n)

18) ABEYANCE 

Meaning: 	  Suspended action
Form: 	          Noun
Sentence: 	  With the pace of life in Indian metros getting faster by the day, many of                     the old Indian traditions have fallen into abeyance and are no longer                    practiced.
Synonyms: 	  Interlude, Cessation
Antonyms: 	  Continuance
Related Word: 	Abeyant (adj)